A type 2 charging cable, also known as Type 2 to Type 2 Cable, connects an EV charging station of a type 2 outlet to an electric vehicle exhibiting a type 2 charging inlet. In January 2013, the European Commission selected the Type 2 IEC 62196 EV charging connector as the official charging plug to be used within the European Union.
The key difference that separates a type 2 to type 2 charging cable from a type 1 EV charging cable is that Type 2 Charging Cables are operable on both single and triple phase AC power supply, whereas type 1 charging cables support single phase only. Supporting three-phase power supply enables the EVs to hit the road faster than those with type 1 charging compatibility.
As a result, several companies will look for the transition to the three-phase power supply in the future for fast-charging ability in electric vehicles. As for the numbers, the maximum power supported by Type 2 Charging Cables while operating on a single phase is 16.1 kW, while that for triple-phase is 43.7kW, with a voltage rating of 380V-480V.
On an average, an 11kW type 2 to type 2 charging cable yields 50km against an hour of charging, whereas 70km and 100Km with 16.5kW and 22kW, respectively. In China, a Type 2 Charging Cable employs a male connector on both ends, with a female-inlet on electric vehicles—the opposite to what follows for the rest of the world.